RBI GRADE B PHASE 2 MAINS 2016 EXAM MCQ STUDY MATERIAL ON PAPER 2 ECONOMIC & SOCIAL ISSUES

1. The office of the registrar general and census commissioner conducts the census in India. It is under which ministry/body?
a) MOSPI
b) Ministry if Home Affairs
c) PMO
d) Planning Commission
Answer & Explanation
b) Ministry if Home Affairs. Most people would have thought the answer as MOSPI, because that deals with statistics.


2. Consider the following statements :
1. The rural decadal growth rate of population is more than that of urban areas.
2. The contribution of rural and urban areas to the total increase in population is nearly equal.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer & Explanation
b) 2 only. Now most of us have this idea that in rural areas people tend to have more children compared to urban areas, so statement 1 might look true. But it is not. The urban decadal growth rate of population is more than that of rural areas. This is because urbanization is increasing. More and more areas are coming under the definition of “urban areas”. There is no point in memorizing how much is urban decadal growth rate and how much is rural one. As I said data/facts are not important, but trends are. The second statement is also true. The contribution of rural and urban areas to the total increase in population is nearly equal – 91 million.


3. Consider the following states:
1. Bihar
2. West Bengal
3. Delhi
Which of the following is the correct sequence in terms of population density?
a) 1 > 2 > 3
b) 3 > 1 > 2
c) 3 > 2 > 1
d) 1 > 3 > 2
Answer & Explanation
b) 3 > 1 > 2. Delhi should be the first and most of you will know this. Even if you didn’t, it’s not hard to figure out that Delhi being quite small in area compared to states, and having a large population (with all those migration) will surely have the highest population density. Now, before 2011 census, WB was the state that had the second highest population density. This changed after the census 2011 report and Bihar overtook WB. This was a thing which was quite discussed when the reports came.


4. The child sex ratio takes into account which of the following age groups?
a) 0-1 year
b) 0-5 years
c) 0-6 years
d) 0-12 years
Answer & Explanation
c) 0-6 years. Simple question. UPSC has this habit of asking simple yet subtle things that we might ignore. The Census definition of child is one who is between 0 to 6 years of age.


5. Which of the following about Uttar Pradesh is/are correct?
1. UP has the highest rural population.
2. UP has the highest scheduled caste population.
3. UP has the highest scheduled tribe population.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer & Explanation
a) 1 and 2 only. This question might look a bit tough and irrelevant. You are surely not expected to remember the highest and lowest data of various population groups. However, you can get the right answer by elimination. The underlying fact is that scheduled tribes are highest in those states where there are large forest areas. UP certainly don’t have that. Infact, UP has a marginal population of ST. So, eliminate the 3rd statement and you get your ans. Also remember that UP has largest rural and SC population.


6. In the socio economic and caste census, some households will have the highest priority for inclusion in the BPL list. These include
1. Households without shelter
2. SC/ST household
3. Primitive tribal groups
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer & Explanation
b) 1 and 3 only. Socio economic and caste census is being conducted the first time in India. It will be undertaken through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country to enumerate castes along with socio-economic data. SECC paves the way to identify the households living below the poverty line in rural and urban areas of the country. The following households will have the highest priority for inclusion in the BPL list.
(a) Households without shelter
(b) destitute/living on alms
(c) Manual scavengers
(d) Primitive Tribal Groups
(e) Legally released bonded laborers
You can also apply some reasoning to get the answer. Merely being an SC/ST household does not mean belonging to BPL. There are many wealthy among them too. So, including them in the priority group does not make sense. Hence, eliminating statement 2 gives you the correct answer.


7. Which of the following state/s have been reported slum free in the census 2011 report?
1. Goa
2. Manipur
3. Sikkim
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 only
d) 2 and 3 only
Answer & Explanation
c) 2 only. Even though Goa is quite developed, it’s not slum free. Sikkim was designated slum free in 2001, but now it has slums. In fact, only one state – Manipur (and few UTs) are designated slum free. The UTs are – 1. Daman & Diu; 2. Dadra & Nagar Haveli; 3. Lakshadweep


8. Which of the following is/are correct according to the definitions used in the census 2011?
1. Adolescents are those in the age group of 10-19 years.
2. Youth are those in the age group of 15-35 years.
3. Sex ratio is the number of men per thousand women.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer & Explanation
a) 1 only. UPSC emphasizes basics and we need to get the basic definition of various terms that we use. So – Adolescents are those in the age group of 10-19 years. Youth are those in the age group of 15-24 years. Sex ratio is the number of women per thousand men.


9. Other than conducting census, the office of the registrar general and census commissioner performs which function?
a) Registration of marriages.
b) Registration of births and deaths
c) both (a) and (b)
d) none
Answer & Explanation
b) Registration of births and deaths. Since its the other function of the office of the registrar general and census commissioner, it’s important that you know it. In this question, even if you didn’t know the answer, you could apply your knowledge of current affairs. In India, we do not have a uniform civil code. This matter keeps coming up in the newspapers, and we read articles about minorities having their separate personal laws. So, if that is the case, how can the registrar general register marriages? That eliminates option a and c. You still do not get the answer, but atleast you get close. This application of whatever you are reading in current affairs to questions like these is the essence of rbi preparation. Therefore, don’t just read Apply what you read.


10. Consider the following statements :
1. This is the first time since independence that the decadal growth rate of population has declined.
2. Workers (in census 2011) are those who have worked for atleast one day during the reference year.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer & Explanation
b) 2 only. Now most people would think that our population growth rate has started declining recently and so statement 1 might be correct. However, the fact is the decadal growth rate saw a decline first in 1981 after independence. This is the 4th time we are witnessing a decline. Statement 2 looks ridiculous and on first reading it appears wrong. But it is correct. This is what the census uses as its definition – Workers are those who have worked for atleast one day during the reference year. So, a surprising statement and hence important for rbi exams.


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