IBPS CWE PO STUDY MATERIAL REASONING FOR EVALUATING GIVEN COURSE OF ACTION

evaluating given course of action

iN this type of Question ,a situation is presented & some course of action are suggested in the context of that situation the candidate is asked to determine which of them should be followed.

format of the problem

Usually the Question is Asked in following format.

A fact situation will be given followed by two suggested course of action. A course of action is a step of ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION taken for improvement or follow up Action.
you will be asked to read the situation and choose from course of action.
(A) If only I follows
(B) If only II follows
(C) If either I or II follows
(D) If both I and II follow
(E) If neither I nor II follows. 

very basic example

Q. The plague epidemic has spread to many parts of the country.
Course of Action : I. Doctors should be asked to perform their duty religiously (✘)
                     II.The goverment should take up a cleanliness drive across the country. (
)

First course of action is invalid as its the job of doctor to cure their patient regardless their race,color or religion. while second course of action is valid and appropriate in epidemic condition.
So, Answer is 
(B) If only II follows

So its must; you have to think like of head of Authority or Organisation on the behalf of which Question is asked. this type of Question have become regular part of all examinations. It determines the thinking ability of candidate.

technique to determine appropriate course of action

I. Mind the Well Established Facts ( Universal Truth )
II. Think Like An 
Administrator
III.Experience Predicts so ( based on previous situation in similar type of problem/situation)
IV.Logic predicts so (when presented problem is new,in such cases you have to use your own logic to solve issue )
V.Prevailing Notion of truth ( in some cases the presented solution would be considerd a good solution as per the prevaling notions of truth or as per society norms)

Prevailing Notion of truth 

Prevailing Notion of truth ( in some cases the presented solution would be considerd a good solution as per the prevailing notions of truth or as per society norms).
EG.
In vedic period culture of varana hierarchy,it would not be considered a good idea to give material training to Brahmin boy even if he was very agile and well built.
But today it is not so. A material training is casual for every boy either Brahmin or Kshtriya
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Practice exercise high level reasoning

Question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Give answer

(A) If only I follows
(B) If only II follows
(C) If either I or II follows
(D) If neither I nor II follows
(E) If both I and II follow.

Q.Statement: The employees union of the Municipal Corporation has decided to strike work for indefinite period in protest against the management's refusal to grant bonus.
Courses of Action:
I.The government should immediately pay ex-gratia grant to the Municipal Corporation to grant bonus to its employees.
II.The striking employees should be persuaded to defer the strike notice.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Immediately conceding to the employees' demands may entice the employees into black-mailing the management frequently. A better way is to have talks with them and persuade them to end strike. So, only course II follows.
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 Q2.Statement: A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal Malaria type.
Courses of Action:
I.The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.
II.The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:
Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow.
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2.Statement: Severe drought is reported to have set in several parts of the country.
Courses of Action:
I. Government should immediately make arrangement for providing financial assistance to those affected.
II. Food, water and fodder should immediately be sent to all these areas to save the people and cattle.
A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

In the break-out of a natural calamity, the basic duty of the government becomes to provide the basic amenities essential to save the lives of people and cattle. Providing financial assistance to all would put undue burden on the country's resources. So, only II follows.
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Q4.Statement: Since its launching in 1881, Vayudoot has so far accumulated losses amounting to Rs 153 crore.
Courses of Action:
I. Vayudoot should be directed to reduce wasteful expenditure and to increase passenger fare.
II. An amount of about Rs 300 crore should be provided to Vayudoot to make the airliner economically viable.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow
Answer & Explanation
Answer: Option A

Explanation:
Clearly, for better economic gain, losses should be reduced and income increased. So, only course I follows.
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Q5.Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year.
Courses of Action:
The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.
The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.


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Q6.Statement: A large number of people die every year due to drinking polluted water during the summer.

Courses of Action:

I.The government should make adequate arrangements to provide safe drinking water to all its citizens.
II.The people should be educated about the dangers of drinking polluted water.
A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:
The situation demands creating awareness among people about the dangers of drinking polluted water so that they themselves refrain from the same, and at the same time taking steps to provide safe drinking water. So, both the courses follow.






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